Graphs for Nonnormal Capability Analysis

Find definitions and interpretation guidance for every graph that is provided with nonnormal capability analysis.

Capability Histogram

The capability histogram shows the distribution of your sample data. Each bar on the histogram represents the frequency of data within an interval.
The solid curve represents the nonnormal distribution model that was selected for the analysis.


Use the capability histogram to view your sample data in relation to the distribution fit and the specification limits.

Look for evidence of lack-of-fit of your selected nonnormal data distribution

Compare the distribution curve to the bars of the histogram to assess whether your data seem to follow the distribution that you chose for the analysis. If the bars vary greatly from the curve, your data may not follow your chosen distribution and the capability estimates may not be reliable for your process. If you are unsure which distribution best fits your data, use Individual Distribution Identification to identify an appropriate distribution or transformation.


For a more thorough analysis of the assumptions for nonnormal capability analysis, use Nonnormal Capability Sixpack.

Good fit
Poor fit
Examine the sample data in relation to the specification limits

Visually examine the data in the histogram in relation to the lower and upper specification limits. Ideally, the spread of the data is narrower than the specification spread, and all the data are inside the specification limits. Data that are outside the specification limits represent nonconforming items.


To determine the actual number of nonconforming items in your process, use the results for PPM < LSL, PPM > USL, and PPM Total. For more information, go to All statistics and graphs.

In these results, the process spread is larger than the specification spread, which suggests poor capability. Although much of the data are within the specification limits, many nonconforming items are below the lower specification limit (LSL) and above the upper specification limit (USL)..

Assess the location of the process

Evaluate whether the process is centered between the specification limits or at the target value, if you have one. The peak of the distribution curve shows where most of the data are located.

In these results, although the sample observations fall inside the specification limits, the peak of the distribution curve is not on the target. Most of the data exceed the target value and are located near the upper specification limit.