A Pareto chart is a special type of bar chart where the plotted values are arranged from largest to smallest. Use a Pareto chart to identify the most frequently occurring defects, the most common causes of defects, or the most frequent causes of customer complaints.
The Pareto chart is named for Vilfredo Pareto and his principle of the "80/20 rule." That is, 20% of the people control 80% of the wealth; or 20% of the product line may generate 80% of the waste; or 20% of the customers may generate 80% of the complaints, and so on.
A weighted Pareto chart not only considers the frequency of occurrence, but the importance as well. A weighted Pareto chart can plot the severity of the defects, or the cost, or anything else you would like to track. For example, suppose you have 5 coating defects that you are tracking: wrinkles, stains, scratches, dirt specks, and bubbles.
You collect data on the frequency of defect occurrence and the cost to rework. A weighted Pareto chart may change your priority for improvement projects by considering data based on both cost and frequency data. For example, even though wrinkles may be more frequent they are less expensive to repair than dirt specks, which are a rarer occurrence. Considering both cost and frequency will give you a better understanding of your cost of poor quality (COPQ).