To ensure that your results are valid, consider the following guidelines when you collect data, perform the analysis, and interpret your results.
- Collect failure times for a repairable system
- System repair data usually consist of successive failure (or repair) times. For example, an automobile breaks down, is repaired, and returned to service, then breaks down again, and so on. The data values represent the time of each failure without considering the repair time.
- The data can be exact failure times or failures within time intervals
- If you have exact data, you know exactly when each failure occurred. For example, an engine failed at exactly 490 days, was repaired, then failed again at 822 days. If you have interval data, you know only that each failure occurred between two specific times. For example, an engine failed sometime between 475 and 500 days, was repaired, and then failed again sometime between 800 and 825 days.
- Exact data can be failure truncated or time truncated
- A failure-truncated system is retired after a certain number of failures occur. In a failure-truncated system, the system is retired immediately upon the final failure. A time-truncated system is retired after a specified period of time. In a time-truncated system, the largest time is not a failure time. If you have both failure-truncated data and time-truncated data, you must use a retirement column to indicate whether each time is a failure time or a retirement time. For more information, see "Specify retirement information".
- Identify data from multiple systems
- To evaluate multiple systems in a repairable system analysis, you must have a column that contains failure times and a corresponding column that identifies which system the failure is from. Minitab assumes that all the systems within a column are from identical processes and provides a pooled growth curve estimate.