Parametric methods provide more precise results and estimate more types of functions.
When your product fails in different ways, use a failure mode analysis to evaluate the impact of each type of failure on the overall reliability. Each failure mode is assumed to be independent. By analyzing each failure mode individually, you can more easily prioritize your improvement efforts.
A reliability engineer studies the failure rates of engine windings of turbine assemblies to determine the times at which the windings fail. At high temperatures, the windings might decompose too fast.
The engineer records failure times for the engine windings at 80° C and 100° C. Because some units must be removed from the test before they fail, the data are right censored. The engineer performs a nonparametric analysis using both the Kaplan-Meier method and the actuarial method.
A household appliance manufacturer wants to improve the reliability of its dishwasher spray arms. To determine how to focus their improvement efforts, engineers collect data on how and when spray arms fail.
The engineers perform a nonparametric multiple failure mode analysis using the Kaplan-Meier method.