# Value stream map and timeline calculations

Takt time is calculated from customer demand and facility data. The timeline is calculated from process shape data and inventory shape data.

## Customer demand and takt time

Customer demand and facility data, which you enter on the Map task pane, are used to calculate takt time.

Customer Demand
The number of product units or service units that a customer requires in a certain period of time.
Takt Time

The cycle time required to match the pace of the customer demand. Workspace uses the following equation to calculate takt time.

Hours/Day (Total production time available)
The total production time available is the total time of a shift minus the total time for lunch breaks, meetings, and so on. Workspace uses the following equation to calculate total production time available.
Example
A furniture manufacturer runs three 8-hour shifts. Each shift takes 30 minutes for lunch and has two 10-minute breaks for a total of 50 minutes, or .8 hours per shift. The customer demand is for 75 pieces per day.
To meet the customer demand, the furniture manufacturer needs to produce 1 complete piece every 0.28 hours.

## Cycle time

The cycle time of a process step is the time from one completed output to the next completed output. In Workspace, when you enter cycle time values in the Process task pane, they appear in the troughs of the timeline. Typically, you enter Cycle Time or VA CT and NVA CT. If you enter all three values, Workspace will display either Cycle Time or the sum of VA CT and NVA CT, whichever value is greater, on the top of the trough. VA CT is always displayed on the bottom of the trough.

If cycle time is less than or equal to 2 minutes, it is displayed in seconds on the timeline. If cycle time is less than or equal to 2 hours, it is displayed in minutes on the timeline.

If you enter VA CT and NVA CT on a process shape, cycle time is calculated on the timeline, but it is not calculated in the task pane.

###### Note

The Line Balancing - VSM and the Value Stream Map Comparison forms do not use cycle time values from the timeline. If you plan to use these forms, you must enter cycle time values in the task pane.

## Inventory time and wait time

The peak of the timeline between process shapes shows the combined non-value added times contributed by inventory time and wait time, when both inventory and waiting shapes are present.
When you enter inventory on an inventory shape on the timeline, Workspace automatically calculates in-process inventory time using takt time or the cycle time of the next process step. On the Map tab in the task pane, you can choose whether to use takt time or cycle time in the calculated inventory time equation.
If you choose Use Takt Time, Workspace uses this equation:
###### Note

Finished goods inventory time always uses the takt time equation.

If you choose Use Cycle Time, Workspace use this equation:
###### Note

In the cycle time equation, the following is true:

• Cycle Time = the highest value from the process shape to the right of the inventory shape
• A = first pass yield or 1 – defect %, whichever value is lower
• B = machine availability %, or operator availability %, whichever value is lower

If you want to override calculated inventory time to use a known value, you must add the optional field, Inv Time to the value stream map task pane. For instructions on how to add data fields to the value stream map task pane, go to Manage data fields from the task pane.

### Raw materials inventory and finished goods inventory

Raw materials inventory is inventory that is ready to be processed. It is located before the first trough on the timeline.
Finished goods inventory is product that is ready to be shipped to customers. Finished goods inventory can be located after the right-most process shape on the timeline.
Finished goods inventory can also be located to the left of the right-most process shape, if that process shape does not have any cycle times.

### Parallel shapes on the timeline

When there are parallel shapes on the timeline, Workspace displays the highest value on the timeline, and then uses that value to calculate total cycle time and/or lead time in the summary box.

Parallel process shapes
When calculating total cycle time of parallel process steps, Workspace displays the highest cycle time in the trough of the timeline. The values in the troughs are used to calculate Total CT.
Parallel inventory shapes
When multiple inventory shapes occur between two process steps, Workspace displays the highest inventory time on the peak of the timeline. The values in the peaks are used to calculate Lead Time.
Parallel process shapes and inventory shapes (not recommended)
When process shapes and inventory shapes are parallel, Workspace displays the highest inventory time to the left of the process shape. To ensure proper Lead Time calculations in the timeline summary box, avoid this scenario.

## Timeline summary box

A value stream map keeps a running total of the timeline data in the timeline summary box.
The timeline summary box appears after the last process shape on the timeline and shows the following calculations:
Total CT
The sum of all cycle time values displayed on the timeline.
Total VA CT
The sum of all the value-added cycle time values displayed on the timeline.
Total NVA CT
Total cycle time minus total value-added cycle time displayed on the timeline.
The sum of all inventory time and cycle time values displayed on the timeline.

You can include the following calculated data fields to timeline summary box by adding them to the Map task pane. For information about adding data fields to the task pane, go to Manage data fields from the task pane.

Finished Goods Inventory Time
Inventory time for inventory in the finished goods section of the timeline.
Finished Goods Total Time
The sum of Inventory time and wait time in the finished goods section of the timeline.
Finished Goods Wait Time
The wait time in the finished goods section of the timeline.
Process Cycle Efficiency