Methods and formulas for Box-Cox

Box-Cox formula

If you use a Box-Cox transformation, Minitab transforms the original data values (Yi) according to the following formula:

where λ is the parameter for the transformation. Minitab then creates a control chart of the transformed data values (Wi). To learn how Minitab chooses the optimal value for λ, go to Methods and formulas for Box-Cox Transformation.

Common λ values

The following table shows some commonly used λ values and their transformations.
λ Transformation
2
0.5
0
−0.5
−1
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