Expected overall performance for Normal Capability Analysis

Find definitions and interpretation guidance for every expected overall performance measure that is provided with normal capability analysis.

PPM < LSL for Expected Overall Performance

PPM < LSL for expected overall performance is the expected number of parts per million that have measurements that are less than the lower specification limit (LSL). Expected overall performance values are calculated using overall standard deviation. PPM < LSL for expected overall performance is 1,000,000 times the probability that the measurement of a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is less than LSL.
The probability that a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is less than LSL is shown by the shaded region under the normal curve.

Interpretation

Use PPM < LSL for expected overall performance to estimate the number of nonconforming items, represented in parts per million, that you can expect to be below the lower specification limit based on the overall variation of your process. Overall performance values indicate the actual process performance that your customer experiences over time.

Lower values of PPM < LSL indicate greater process capability, relative to the lower specification limit. Ideally, few or no parts have measurements that are less than the lower specification limit.

PPM > USL for Expected Overall Performance

PPM > USL for expected overall performance is the expected number of parts per million that have measurements that are greater than the upper specification limit (USL). Expected overall performance values are calculated using overall standard deviation. PPM > USL for expected overall performance is 1,000,000 times the probability that the measurement of a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is greater than USL.

The probability that a randomly selected part is greater than USL is shown by the shaded region under the overall normal curve.

Interpretation

Use PPM > USL for expected overall performance to estimate the number of nonconforming items, represented in parts per million, that you can expect to be above the upper specification limit based on the overall variation of your process. Overall performance values indicate the actual process performance that your customer experiences over time.

Lower values of PPM > USL indicate greater process capability, relative to the upper specification limit. Ideally, few or no parts have measurements that are greater than the upper specification limit.

PPM Total for Expected Overall Performance

PPM Total for expected overall performance is the expected number of parts per million that are outside the specification limits. Expected overall performance values are calculated using overall standard deviation. PPM Total for expected overall performance is 1,000,000 times the probability that the measurement of a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is outside the specification limits.
The probability that a randomly selected part is outside the specification limits is shown by the shaded regions under the overall normal curve.

Interpretation

Use PPM Total for expected overall performance to estimate the number of nonconforming items, represented in parts per million, that you can expect to be outside the specification limits based on the overall variation of your process. Overall performance values indicate the actual process performance that your customer experiences over time.

Lower values of PPM Total indicate greater process capability. Ideally, few or no parts have measurements that are outside the specification limits.

You can also use PPM to estimate the percentage of conforming and nonconforming parts in your process.
PPM % Nonconforming Parts % Conforming
66807 6.807% 93.193%
6210 0.621% 99.379%
233 0.0233% 99.9767%
3.4 0.00034% 99.99966%

% < LSL for Expected Overall Performance

% < LSL for expected overall performance is the expected percentage of parts that have measurements that are less than the lower specification limit (LSL). Expected overall performance values are calculated using overall standard deviation. % < LSL for expected overall performance is the probability that the measurement of a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is less than LSL.

The probability that a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is less than LSL is shown by the shaded region under the normal curve.

Interpretation

Use % < LSL for expected overall performance to estimate the percentage of nonconforming items that you can expect to be below the lower specification limit based on the overall variation of your process. Overall performance values indicate the actual process performance that your customer experiences over time.

Lower values of % < LSL indicate greater process capability, relative to the lower specification limit. Ideally, few or no parts have measurements that are less than the lower specification limit.

% > USL for Expected Overall Performance

% > USL for expected overall performance is the expected percentage of parts that have measurements that are greater than the upper specification limit (USL). Expected overall performance values are calculated using overall standard deviation. % > USL for expected overall performance is the probability that the measurement of a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is greater than USL.

The probability that a randomly selected part is greater than USL is shown by the shaded region under the overall normal curve.

Interpretation

Use % > USL for expected overall performance to estimate the percentage of nonconforming items that you can expect to be above the upper specification limit based on the overall variation of your process. Overall performance values indicate the actual process performance that your customer experiences over time.

Lower values of % > USL indicate greater process capability, relative to the upper specification limit. Ideally, few or no parts have measurements that are greater the upper specification limit.

% Total for Expected Overall Performance

% Total for expected overall performance is the expected percentage of parts that are outside the specification limits. The expected value is calculated using the overall standard deviation. % Total for expected overall performance is the probability that the measurement of a randomly selected part from the overall process distribution is outside the specification limits.
The probability that a randomly selected part is outside the specification limits is shown by the shaded regions under the overall normal curve.

Interpretation

Use % Total for expected overall performance to estimate the percentage of nonconforming items that you can expect to be outside the specification limits based on the overall variation of your process. Overall performance values indicate the actual process performance that your customer experiences over time.

Lower values of % Total indicate greater process capability. Ideally, few or no parts have measurements that are outside the specification limits.

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