Enter your data for Normal Capability Analysis for Multiple Variables

Stat > Quality Tools > Capability Analysis > Multiple Variables (Normal)

Enter your data

Use one of the following procedures to enter data for the analysis, depending on whether you have a grouping variable.

Process data without a grouping (by) variable

If you have multiple columns of process data, without a grouping variable, do the following:

  1. In Variables, enter the columns of numeric data that you want to analyze.
  2. In Subgroup sizes, enter one value or multiple values to indicate the subgroup sizes. Alternatively, you can enter one column or multiple columns of subgroup identifiers. If you enter one value or one column, it applies to all the variables. If you enter multiple values or multiple columns, they correspond sequentially to the variables that you entered in Variables.
    Note

    Observations within each subgroup should be in adjacent rows of the worksheet. For more information on using columns to define subgroups, go to Using subgroups to assess process capability.

In this worksheet, each column contains the diameter of piston rings for a different shift. To perform a capability analysis for each shift, enter Diameter Shift 1 and Diameter Shift 2 in Variables.
C1 C2
Diameter Shift 1 Diameter Shift 2
74.030 73.992
74.002 74.014
74.019 73.887
To specify the same subgroup size for both variables, enter a single value or a single column of subgroup identifiers in Subgroup sizes. To specify a different subgroup size for each variable, enter two values or two columns of subgroup identifiers.

Process data with a grouping (by) variable

If you have only one column of process data, and another column to indicate grouping information, do the following:

  1. In Variables, enter the column of numeric data that you want to analyze.
  2. In Subgroup sizes, enter one value to indicate the subgroup size or one column of subgroup identifiers. If you enter one value, it applies to all the groups in the By variables column. If you enter a column of values, the values correspond sequentially with the groups in the By variables column.
    Note

    Observations within each subgroup should be in adjacent rows of the worksheet. For more information on using columns to define subgroups, go to Using subgroups to assess process capability.

  3. Select By variables, and then enter the grouping column or columns to perform a separate capability analysis for each unique value in the column or each unique combination of values in the columns.

In this worksheet, Diameter contains the diameter of piston rings for both shifts. Shift indicates the grouping variable for the numeric data in Diameter. To perform capability analysis for each shift, enter Diameter in Variables, and enter Shift in By variables.
C1 C2
Diameter Shift
74.030 1
74.002 1
74.019 1
73.992 2
74.014 2
73.887 2
To specify the same subgroup size for both groups, enter a single value in Subgroup sizes. To specify different subgroup sizes for each group, enter a column of subgroup identifiers.

Specification limits

Important

To perform the analysis, you must enter a lower specification limit, an upper specification limit, or both.

Lower spec
To specify the minimum acceptable value for the product or service, enter one value, multiple values, or a column of values. If you enter one value, it applies to all variables or groups. If you enter multiple values or a column of values, the values correspond sequentially to the columns that you entered in Variables or to the groups in the By variables column. If you do not have a lower specification limit, enter *.
Boundary

Select to define a lower specification limit as a boundary only if it is not possible for measurements to fall below the Lower spec value. If a boundary applies to the lower specification limit for some variables or groups, but not others, enter a value of 0 or 1 for each group or variable in the analysis. 1 indicates that the lower spec is a boundary for that variable or group, and 0 indicates that the lower spec is not a boundary for that variable or group.

You can enter one value, multiple values, or a column of values. If you enter one value, it applies to all variables or groups. If you enter multiple values or a column of values, the values correspond sequentially to the columns that you entered in Variables or to the groups in the By variables column.

For example, suppose you enter C1 C2 in Variables, and 3 5 in Lower spec. If 3 is a boundary for C1, but 5 is not a boundary for C2, select Boundary and enter 1 0. The 1 is for C1, and the 0 is for C2.

Upper spec
To specify the maximum acceptable value for the product or service, enter one value, multiple values, or a column of values. If you enter one value, it applies to all variables or groups. If you enter multiple values or a column of values, the values correspond sequentially to the columns that you entered in Variables or to the groups in the By variables column. If you do not have an upper specification limit, enter *.
Boundary

Select to define an upper specification limit as a boundary only if it is not possible for measurements to fall above the Upper spec value. If a boundary applies to the upper specification limit for some variables or groups, but not others, enter a value of 0 or 1 for each group or variable in the analysis. 1 indicates that the upper spec is a boundary for that variable or group, and 0 indicates that the upper spec is not a boundary for that variable or group.

You can enter one value, multiple values, or a column of values. If you enter one value, it applies to all variables or groups. If you enter multiple values or a column of values, the values correspond sequentially to the columns that you entered in Variables or to the groups in the By variables column.

For example, suppose you enter C1 C2 in Variables, and 10 8 in Upper spec. If 10 is a boundary for C1, but 8 is not a boundary for C2, select Boundary and enter 1 0. The 1 is for C1, and the 0 is for C2.

Note

When you define a specification limit as a boundary, Minitab reports the expected capability indices related to that specification limit as missing values (*). Therefore, define a limit as a boundary only if it is impossible for measurements to fall beyond the limit. For example, an upper specification limit of 100% purity is a boundary because exceeding 100% purity is impossible. A lower specification limit of 0% purity is a boundary because falling below 0% purity is impossible.

Subgroup variation

Within subgroups
Perform the analysis for within-subgroup variation (default). Minitab displays statistics for both within-subgroup process capability and overall process capability.
Between/Within subgroups
Select if your process naturally exhibits significant variation between subgroups that is not due to special causes, such as a batch process. Minitab displays statistics for both between/within-subgroup process capability and overall process capability.
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