Consistency of sample with value for Parametric Distribution Analysis (Arbitrary Censoring)

Consistency of sample with value – hypothesis test

You can test whether distribution parameters are equal to a specified value, such as parameters from an historical distribution.

A chi-square test will determine whether the distribution parameter is significantly different from the specified value. Compare the p-value with your pre-determined α-value.
  • If the p-value is less than the α-value, then you can conclude that the distribution parameter is significantly different from the specified value.
  • If the p-value is greater than the α-value, then you cannot conclude that the distribution parameter is significantly different from the specified value.

Example output

Test for Shape Equal to 5 Chi-Square DF P 22.3245 1 0.000

Interpretation

For the muffler data, the test is whether the shape parameter of the distribution for miles driven with the new type of mufflers is significantly different from 5. According to historical data, the shape parameter is usually 5.

Because the p-value of 0.000 is less than an α-value of 0.05, you can conclude that the shape parameter is significantly different from 5. Thus, the shape parameter for the distribution of the new type of mufflers differs from the shape value in previous data.

Consistency of sample with value – Bonferroni confidence interval

Minitab also provides a Bonferroni confidence interval, which is associated with a chi-square test, to provide an interval of reasonable values for the parameter.

  • When the chi-square test is significant (when you reject the null hypothesis that the parameter equals a specified value), the corresponding confidence interval will not contain the specified value.
  • When the chi-square test is not significant (when you fail to reject the null hypothesis), then typically the corresponding confidence interval will contain the value specified for the test.

Example output

Bonferroni 95.0% (indiv 95.00%) Simultaneous CI Shape parameter for Variable Lower Estimate Upper StartNew 5.436 5.768 6.120

Interpretation

For the muffler data, reasonable values for the shape parameter for the new type of mufflers are between 5.436 and 6.120. Notice that the interval does not contain 5 because the null hypothesis for shape = 5 was rejected.

By using this site you agree to the use of cookies for analytics and personalized content.  Read our policy