A reliability engineer wants to assess the reliability of a new type of muffler and to estimate the proportion of warranty claims that can be expected with a 50,000-mile warranty. The engineer collects failure data on both the old type and the new type of mufflers. Mufflers were inspected for failure every 10,000 miles.

The engineer records the number of failures for each 10,000-mile interval. Therefore, the data are arbitrarily censored. Before analyzing the failure data for the new mufflers using Parametric Distribution Analysis (Arbitrary Censoring), the engineer uses Distribution ID Plot (Arbitrary Censoring) to select a distribution model for the analysis.

Choose Stat > Reliability/Survival > Distribution Analysis (Arbitrary Censoring) > Distribution ID Plot.

In Start variables, enter StartNew.

In End variables, enter EndNew.

In Frequency columns (optional), enter FreqNew.

Select Specify. Ensure that the default distributions are selected (Weibull, Lognormal, Exponential, and Normal).

Click OK.

Interpret the results

On the Weibull probability plot, the points fall approximately on the straight line. Therefore, the Weibull distribution provides a good fit. The engineer thus decides to use the Weibull distribution to model the data for Parametric Distribution Analysis (Arbitrary Censoring).

Minitab also displays a table of percentiles and a table of mean time to failure (MTTF), which provide calculated failure times for each distribution. You can compare the calculated values to see how your conclusions may change with different distributions. If several distributions fit your data well, you may want to use the distribution that provides the most conservative results.

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