Show or hide scale elements

Graph scale elements are axis lines, axis labels, tick marks, and tick labels. You can display these elements on the high side or the low side of the graph's data region.

For example, on the following individual value plot, the continuous (y) scale displays tick labels with major and minor tick marks on the low side. The categorical (x) scale displays tick labels with tick marks on the low side. Axis lines are on all sides.

To specify which elements to include when you create a graph, click Scale, then select the elements on the Axes and Ticks tab. To change or add the elements on an existing graph, double-click the scale, then select the elements on the Show tab.

Transpose the value scale and the category scale

To transpose the x- and y- scales when you create a graph, click Scale, then select Transpose value and category scales on the Axes and Ticks tab. To transpose scales on an existing graph, double-click the scale, then select Transpose value and category scales on the Scale tab.

Default position of scales
Transposed scales

Remove some of the innermost category labels

The innermost category labels are the labels that are closest to the axis line. By default, all the category labels are displayed. For example, the innermost category labels on this bar chart are Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4.

To remove some of the innermost labels, in order to make the display less crowded, double-click the scale. On the Scale tab, under Ticks for Innermost Displayed Category Labels, deselect Auto for Tick start or Tick increment, then specify the settings.

For example, on the first bar chart below, The Tick increment is set to 2 so that every other tick mark is displayed. On the second bar chart, the Tick start is set to 2, so that the labels start with the second tick mark instead of the first.
Tick increment = 2
Tick increment = 2 and Tick start = 2

Change the space between the groups

To change the space between groups, double-click the scale. On the Scale tab, under Space Between Scale Categories, you can specify the following:
Gap within clusters
To specify the space between items in a cluster, deselect Auto, then enter a gap.
Gap between clusters
To specify the space between clusters, deselect Auto, then enter a gap.
For example, the first chart below shows the default space between groups. The second chart shows the maximum space between groups. The second chart also shows gaps between the bars that are within each cluster.
Gap within clusters=0, Gap between clusters=1.5
Gap within clusters=1, Gap between clusters=5

Include empty groups on the scale

(This option is available only with multiple level categorical scales.) By default, Minitab includes all possible groups on a graph, even if there are no data for a group. To exclude empty cells on the scale or the legend of an existing graph, double-click the scale, then deselect Include empty cells on the Scale tab.

For example, the following bar chart includes a tick mark for group A2, but no bar. A2 is an empty cell because there are no rows in the worksheet that contain an A in column C1 and a 2 in column C2.
C1-T C2 C3
Group Subgroup Data
A 1 55
B 1 41
B 2 29
C 1 44
C 2 33

Change the tick mark labels and axis labels

Multi-level scale

To specify custom text for tick mark labels and axis labels on a scale that includes multiple levels, double-click the scale. Select the Labels tab, deselect Auto, and enter the custom labels, separated by spaces. On the Font tab, you can edit the font for the tick mark labels. On the Alignment tab, you can change the angle of tick mark labels.

For example, the levels of Activity are coded in the worksheet as the values, 1, 2, and 3. The custom tick mark labels in the second graph are more descriptive than the default tick marks.
Default tick mark labels
Custom tick mark labels
Tip

You can also use Data > Recode to change coded values in the worksheet to values that are more descriptive. For more information, go to Overview for Recode.

Single-level scale

To specify custom text for tick mark labels on a single-level scale, double-click the scale. On the Labels tab, select Specified and enter the custom labels, separated by spaces. On the Font tab, you can edit the font for the tick mark labels. On the Alignment tab, you can change the angle of tick mark labels.

To edit the axis label on a single-level scale, double-click the label. On the Font tab, you can edit the text and change the font. On the Show tab, specify the location on the graph where you want the label to display. On the Alignment tab, specify the text angle and the position relative to the default location.

Same scale range for all panels

(Matrix plot only) Double-click the scale. On the Scale tab, select this option if you want to standardize the range for the selected scale for all plots in the matrix plot.

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