Interpret the key results for Normality Test

Complete the following steps to interpret a normality test. Key output includes the p-value and the probability plot.

Step 1: Determine whether the data do not follow a normal distribution

To determine whether the data do not follow a normal distribution, compare the p-value to the significance level. Usually, a significance level (denoted as α or alpha) of 0.05 works well. A significance level of 0.05 indicates that the risk of concluding the data do not follow a normal distribution—when, actually, the data do follow a normal distribution—is 5%.
P-value ≤ α: The data do not follow a normal distribution (Reject H0)
If the p-value is less than or equal to the significance level, the decision is to reject the null hypothesis and conclude that your data do not follow a normal distribution. If you plan to analyze data that don't follow a normal distribution, check the data requirements for the analysis. Some analyses may work with nonnormal data, but others may require that you transform the data or use another analysis.
P-value > α: Cannot conclude the data do not follow a normal distribution (Fail to reject H0)
If the p-value is larger than the significance level, the decision is to fail to reject the null hypothesis because you do not have enough evidence to conclude that your data do not follow a normal distribution. However, you cannot conclude that the data do follow a normal distribution.

Step 2: Visualize the fit of the normal distribution

To visualize the fit of the normal distribution, examine the probability plot and assess how closely the data points follow the fitted distribution line. Normal distributions tend to fall closely along the straight line. Skewed data form a curved line.

Tip

Hold your pointer over the fitted distribution line to see a table of percentiles and values.

In the following probability plot, the data form an approximately straight line along the line. The normal distribution appears to be a good fit to the data. By using this site you agree to the use of cookies for analytics and personalized content.  Read our policy