Before you interpret the Xbar chart, examine the S chart to determine whether the process variation is in control. If the S chart is not in control, then the control limits on the Xbar chart are not accurate.
The S chart plots the subgroup standard deviations. The center line is the average of all subgroup standard deviations. The control limits on the S chart, which are set at a distance of 3 standard deviations above and below the center line, show the amount of variation that is expected in the subgroup standard deviations.
Red points indicate subgroups that fail at least one of the tests for special causes and are not in control. If the same point fails multiple tests, then the point is labeled with the lowest test number to avoid cluttering the graph. If the chart shows out-of-control points, investigate those points.
Out-of-control points can influence the estimates of process parameters and prevent control limits from truly representing your process. If out-of-control points are due to special causes, then consider omitting these points from the calculations.
The S chart shows that no points are out of control.