Methods that Minitab uses to calculate a 2 proportions test

Minitab's 2 Proportions test uses a normal approximation by default for calculating the hypothesis test and confidence interval. The normal approximation can be used to approximate the difference between two binomial random variables provided the sample sizes are large and proportions are not too close to 0% or 100%. In addition, when you specify a test difference of zero in the Options sub-dialog box, Minitab does Fisher's exact test, which is exact for all sample sizes and proportions. Fisher's exact test is based on the hypergeometric distribution.

The normal approximation may be inaccurate for small numbers of events or nonevents. If the number of events or nonevents in either sample is less than five, Minitab displays a note. Fisher's exact test is accurate for all sample sizes and proportions.

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